Recent studies of women and power in France during the sixteenth century have demonstrated that noblewomen wielded considerable political influence through patron-client relationships and through the management of their households, especially during the Wars of Religion. This article will examine the extent of noblewomen's influence and power during the religious wars by focusing on the activities of widows connected to the Selve family of Limousin.
This case study investigates the choices made by a newly ennobled French Protestant and his family. During the French Wars of Religion, Marc-Antoine Marreau de Boisguerin advanced his social ambitions and acquired noble title through military service to the crown. As the crown became more Catholic, Boisguerin experienced greater difficulty remaining Protestant. After a period of defying the royal will, Boisguerin acquiesced and crossed confessional lines, but he never became a Catholic militant.
Although the primary burden of suppressing the 1525 German peasants’ revolt was assumed by the Swabian League, many individual princes raised military forces and mounted campaigns on their own against the rebels, with varying degrees of success. For those princes who did so, the rebellion offered opportunities to assert their authority over disputed areas and jurisdictions at the expense of rulers, primarily ecclesiastical princes and prelates, who had no such forces available due to financial difficulties and the speed with which the revolt had spread.
Autobiography, a genre seemingly one-dimensional and privileged concerning personal historical truth—though always viewed to some degree as selective—becomes plural and unstable when placed under close scrutiny and contextualized within the political stress of the historical moment of writing and the writer’s personal pragmatic motives generated by the creation of the text. On 23 August 1550, George Buchanan, after having been held captive and interrogated for over a year by the Portuguese Inquisition, placed before the inquisitors his confession and defense.
This essay explores the nature of Huguenot piety in the seventeenth century by making some comparisons with Scottish religious works. Élisabeth Labrousse comments that French Calvinists were unlike their English-speaking counterparts, especially with respect to conversion, which in Scotland and England drew deeply from the wells of human emotion. Because of the close contacts between France and Scotland, from long before the Reformation and thereafter embracing Calvinist divines, it is appropriate to make some comparisons between the two religious cultures.
In August 1566 two brothers, Gil Avila Gonzalez and Alonso Avila Alvarado, were executed in New Spain for their presumed participation in a revolt to overthrow royal Spanish rule. This article reexamines the legal procedures followed in the Martin Cortes conspiracy case to justify the death sentences imposed on the Avilas and other defendants as well as the harsh punishments for coconspirators. This reexamination has been stimulated by location and analysis of a lengthy document, not previously consulted in study of the case.
This article discusses the competing political discourses that vied for prominence in the early stages of the Dutch Revolt from Spain in the late sixteenth century. Particular attention is paid to one of those discourses, the myth of Swiss republicanism, and the reasons for its initial popularity, eventual decline, and lasting influence on Dutch political culture.
Russia’s place in the sixteenth-century European Reformation has remained largely an understudied subject in the West. Indeed, most early modern scholarship rarely crosses the Carpathians or Lake Peipus. Similarly, in Russia, scholars have not yet produced a systematic study of Ivan the Terrible’s views vis-a-vis the Reformation. This article examines Ivan the Terrible’s polemic against Protestantism within the context of the regional eastern European and larger, continental Reformation.
An attempt will be made to reconstruct Salamone Rossi’s Venetian sojourn as it relates, first, to his presumed meetings with two leading Venetian Jews—the rabbi Leon Modena and the poetess Sarra Copia Sulam—and, second, to their influence in shaping his singular collection of Hebrew works, the “Songs of Solomon,” which, ever since their publication in mid-1623, have become the cornerstone of Hebrew art music for the synagogue.