An autograph sermon by Peter Martyr Vermigli with Matthew Parker’s annotation “Sermo Petri Martir manu propria scripta in seditionem Devonensium” is included among the Reformation manuscripts in the Parker Library of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. Preached at St. Paul’s (although not by Vermigli himself), the sermon constitutes a ’response to the popular uprising in Devon and other parts of the realm precipitated by the promulgation of the first Edwardine Act of Uniformity of 1549 with its prescription of the new vernacular liturgy of the Book of Common Prayer.
The main sources of this article are 750 matrimonial trials discussed before the ecclesiastical court in Venice (1420–1545). This article analyzes the differing conceptions of marriage held by the laity and by the ecclesiastical hierarchy as these ideas were expressed in a dialectical relationship in court. Central to this analysis is the concept of consent, since consent, with widely differing interpretations, formed the founda- tion and the essence of both canonical and lay customary marriage.
The Bolognese Monte del matrimonio addressed the difficult problem of giving girls with moderate means a chance to marry, thus saving the honor of their families, not merely by charitable benevolence but by active planning. Mixing credit and piety, the Monte was designed in an innovative fashion and differed substantially from other similar institutions. Unlike the many dowry funds which dispensed bequests, it was tailored to give the respectable poor an opportunity to invest at interest their own savings.
Recent studies of women and power in France during the sixteenth century have demonstrated that noblewomen wielded considerable political influence through patron-client relationships and through the management of their households, especially during the Wars of Religion. This article will examine the extent of noblewomen's influence and power during the religious wars by focusing on the activities of widows connected to the Selve family of Limousin.
This case study investigates the choices made by a newly ennobled French Protestant and his family. During the French Wars of Religion, Marc-Antoine Marreau de Boisguerin advanced his social ambitions and acquired noble title through military service to the crown. As the crown became more Catholic, Boisguerin experienced greater difficulty remaining Protestant. After a period of defying the royal will, Boisguerin acquiesced and crossed confessional lines, but he never became a Catholic militant.
Although the primary burden of suppressing the 1525 German peasants’ revolt was assumed by the Swabian League, many individual princes raised military forces and mounted campaigns on their own against the rebels, with varying degrees of success. For those princes who did so, the rebellion offered opportunities to assert their authority over disputed areas and jurisdictions at the expense of rulers, primarily ecclesiastical princes and prelates, who had no such forces available due to financial difficulties and the speed with which the revolt had spread.
Autobiography, a genre seemingly one-dimensional and privileged concerning personal historical truth—though always viewed to some degree as selective—becomes plural and unstable when placed under close scrutiny and contextualized within the political stress of the historical moment of writing and the writer’s personal pragmatic motives generated by the creation of the text. On 23 August 1550, George Buchanan, after having been held captive and interrogated for over a year by the Portuguese Inquisition, placed before the inquisitors his confession and defense.
This essay explores the nature of Huguenot piety in the seventeenth century by making some comparisons with Scottish religious works. Élisabeth Labrousse comments that French Calvinists were unlike their English-speaking counterparts, especially with respect to conversion, which in Scotland and England drew deeply from the wells of human emotion. Because of the close contacts between France and Scotland, from long before the Reformation and thereafter embracing Calvinist divines, it is appropriate to make some comparisons between the two religious cultures.
In August 1566 two brothers, Gil Avila Gonzalez and Alonso Avila Alvarado, were executed in New Spain for their presumed participation in a revolt to overthrow royal Spanish rule. This article reexamines the legal procedures followed in the Martin Cortes conspiracy case to justify the death sentences imposed on the Avilas and other defendants as well as the harsh punishments for coconspirators. This reexamination has been stimulated by location and analysis of a lengthy document, not previously consulted in study of the case.
This article discusses the competing political discourses that vied for prominence in the early stages of the Dutch Revolt from Spain in the late sixteenth century. Particular attention is paid to one of those discourses, the myth of Swiss republicanism, and the reasons for its initial popularity, eventual decline, and lasting influence on Dutch political culture.