This article examines the propagandistic use of 2 Thessalonians 2:3 in five New Testament Spanish translations (Enzinas, 1543; Pérez, 1556; Reina, 1569; and Valera, 1596 and 1602). The article advances the notion of the Hispanicization of the biblical text, a cultural transaction situated in a context of conflict.
Suspicion of nuns’ music during the early modern period reflected both the Tridentine preoccupation with religious celibacy and traditional distrust of female religious autonomy. Church officials prohibited certain types of liturgical and musical expression in Roman convents as well as interaction between the sisters and male musicians. The authorities were well aware of the attraction of nuns’ music, an attraction comprised not only of the skill and virtuosity of the singers, but also the allure of the forbidden.
In Women’s Speaking Justified (1666) and other pamphlets, Margaret Fell quotes the King James Version of the Bible, but inaccurately. The mistakes are variants resulting from oral transmission: Fell has memorized much of the Bible. This discovery reinforces the views that speech, manuscript, and print were complementary rather than opposing modes in early modern England and that Quaker culture was dependent on memorizing.
This essay suggests that the Lord Chamberlain’s Men’s decision to name their reconstructed playing space the Globe in 1599 may have been a response to mounting English enthusiasm for terrestrial and celestial globes that was stimulated by Emery Molyneux’s manufacture of the first pair of English globes in 1592.
This article explores the politics of national patron sainthood in early modern Europe. Specifically, it assesses the relationship between patron saints, efforts to consolidate royal authority, and political resistance to royal policies. It examines this relationship through the bitter controversy that unfolded when Teresa of Avila was named patron saint of Spain alongside the traditional patron, Santiago, at the beginning of the seventeenth century.
The Piazza degli Uffizi in Florence is a unique architectural space housing the offices established by the Medici grand duke Cosimo I in the sixteenth century. This article examines the unusual physical and social character of the space, from the perspective of the people—performing as both spectators and actors—who have experienced this environment. Their presence and participation is necessary to complete the space, as in a theater or onstage, as each beholder’s perception, action, and interaction is different.
Through illustrations notoriously difficult to interpret, even when considered in conjunction with the chapters they presumably depict, the sixteenth-century manuscript Splendor Solis exemplifies the highly symbolical approach to representing alchemical processes. The central images of the pictures are typically characterized by the fantastic: mythic animals, beheading, and allusions to the classical gods.
This article examines the Family of Love in sixteenth-century England, especially the period of intense hostility it engendered from 1578 to 1581. During these years, foesattacked this minor sect as a significant threat to the English church and state. The decline in the assault upon the Family has been attributed by many historians to a concurrent decline in the sect. However, recent research has demonstrated that the Family survived even after 1581, requiring a new explanation for the end of the attacks.
For ten years, the University of Chicago Press has been publishing the series The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe, edited by Margaret L. King and Albert Rabil Jr. This series publishes translations and editions of works written during the period 1300–1700 that in some way challenge the dominant negative view of women. Most of these texts are by women, and with forty-four works in the series by December 2006, the books have become important teaching tools for courses about women or more general courses.