Lovesickness, a medical condition thought to be caused by unrequited passion and also known as erotomania or erotic melancholy, figures prominently in the Heptameron. Marguerite de Navarre’s complex narrative strategies and skillful use of the controversial medico-moral debate on lovesickness, especially in novellas 9 and 26, convey to her contemporary, active readers a richly textured message about literary interpretation and sexual difference.
Between 1538 and 1545, Wittenberg printer-publisher Georg Rhau published fifteen impressive liturgical-musical collections designed for worship needs of Lutheran congregations throughout the year. Friedrich Blume characterized Rhau’s effort as international in musical style and interconfessional in theology, but in fact, Rhau’s collections favored an outmoded, conservative cosmopolitan musical style that continued to enjoy popularity in Germany.
Catholic reformers cited pluralism and absenteeism as the chief sins of elite clergy and the cause of the church’s ignorance and poverty. Reformers encouraged bishops to reside in their dioceses, educate their flocks, and investigate both theological and behavioral abuses. This line of argument ignored the practical realities that drove pluralism and absenteeism and those clergy who pursued reform mandates in their dioceses and benefices.
This study focuses on how the consistory in Courthézon steered a course of coexistence as the minority in a biconfessional town while maintaining the church’s confessional integrity. By examining two sets of illuminating cases from 1617 to 1631, the study shows that the consistory embraced the ideal of peaceful coexistence articulated in the edict of 1607. One set of cases dealt with Catholic-Protestant encounters in the town; the other set dealt with internal cases of révolte and intermarriage. The consistory chose its battles with the Catholic majority with care.
This essay investigates why the Testament Rhetoricael (Bruges, 1562), a large collection of poems and songs by Eduard de Dene, a prominent sixteenth-century rhetorician (rederijker) from the city of Bruges, has been preserved in manuscript instead of print. By discussing the links made by the poet between his text and the biblical image of the Book of Life, it is argued that for an early modern author like De Dene, the act of writing and its material result, the manuscript, could be a more than purely functional tool.
Sixteenth-century biblical translation was a site of extensive and closely reasoned argument about vernacular language and literature. These arguments emerged out of Reformation debates about biblical authority and the canon. Roman Catholics tended to interpret the Bible within a broader canon of received doctrine, while Reformers described scriptural language as intrinsically meaningful.
One of the most influential guidebooks of Renaissance Rome was written by the young Bolognese natural historian Ulisse Aldrovandi. Drafted while he awaited trial for heresy before the Inquisition in 1549–50, his Di tutte le statue antiche describes the private antiquities collections of Rome.
The Dutch province of Holland has solicited much research in the context of the link between war and political development, an important theme in early modern historiography. During the Dutch Revolt in the late sixteenth century it became the core and financial bedrock of a new, powerful, and very prosperous polity: the Dutch Republic. Why Flanders and Brabant, larger and traditionally wealthier, failed where Holland succeeded and were retaken by King Philip II’s army has never been explained.
As the grand chancellor under Emperor Charles V, Mercurino di Gattinara (1465-1530) orchestrated the administration and the aims of the Spanish Empire. Claiming messianic status for Charles V, and supernatural powers for himself, Gattinara appropriated several fourteenth century sources such as Dante and Bartolus to establish political hegemony. More disturbingly, he embraced the irrational in the form of dreams, prophecies, and occult knowledge in a calculated effort to manipulate the emotions of his audience.
This article revisits the contribution of Ernst Kantorowicz’s The King’s Two Bodies by examining the site and tenor of political and constitutional thought in early sixteenth-century France. With the aid of recent French scholarship, it revises previous accounts by considering alternative sites of political thought and the doctrinal sources of constitutional practice. The commentaries of academic jurists offer a range of constitutional theories that informed quotidian litigation over royal power in the king’s own courts.