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Journal > Volumes > 53 (2022) > 3 (Autumn)
3 (Autumn)
NOTE: Book reviews will be included in issue download
Becoming Ordinary: The Aurora Borealis during the Reformation

During the Reformation, Luther and his followers looked for terrestrial and celestial portents, interpreting them as apocalyptic omens. The fiery appearance of aurorae lighting up the night sky made them especially suitable as signs of the end of the world. Although natural explanations existed for the causes of such celestial phenomena, moralistic writers preferred to see aurorae as...

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Manuscripts, Stationers, and Printers: Reading Medieval Chronicles in Early Sixteenth-Century Bruges

The Excellent Chronicle of Flanders is one of the most important regional chronicle traditions, firmly embedded in the political context of the Flemish towns in the late Middle Ages. This article discusses the reception of the Excellent Chronicle in the early sixteenth century, and its commercial rather than political position within Bruges’s professional book market before it was printed by...

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“A thing so unprofitable”: Economic Concerns and Signs in Thomas More’s Utopia

This approach to Thomas More’s 1516 (1551) Utopia has two central aims. Firstly, it addresses the numerous, and frequently overlooked, economic references included in More’s work and their significance in the context of early modern English and European economics. These economic concepts and discussions, once identified, will be linked to a wider preoccupation, this one of an epistemological...

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Germania Romana: Geographical-Historical Transformation and the Necessity of Rome for German Patriot

German Renaissance humanists uncovered two vital aspects inherent in the idea of sixteenth-century Austria: it was both part of the humanist homeland, Germania, and identifiable with the ancient Roman province Pannonia Superior. Set against the background of the fall of Rome and the V.lkerwanderung, the connection between and history of Pannonia Superior and Austria allowed the humanists to...

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Orating the News: Printed Diplomatic Orations, Political Communication, and the Roots of Public Dipl

This article argues that the pressures of war at the turn of the sixteenth century converted some diplomatic orations from ritual embellishments into tools for communication to a reading public interested in news about ambassadors and their activities. Using a survey of diplomatic orations printed between 1470 and 1513, the article demonstrates that diplomats could use orations to influence...

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Melodies of Doves, Clamor from the Towers: The Dawn of Granada’s Sonic Conversion

Following the 1492 conquest of Granada, the Catholic Monarchs (r. 1474–1516) introduced a series of edicts aimed at converting the majority-Muslim community. Without much success during the first years, Queen Isabel and King Ferdinand approved the forced conversion of the entire city and surrounding region in 1499. From that moment until the final expulsion of the Moriscos (converted Muslims)...

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