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Journal > Volumes > 51 (2020) > 2 (Summer)
2 (Summer)
NOTE: Book reviews will be included in issue download
Manueline Marriages

In 1497, during the event known as the General Conversion, the Portuguese Crown assumed the custody of unmarried Jewish youths and forcibly baptized them. This article explains how the Crown used marriage and wardship as part of a strategy to assimilate these crist.os novos (New Christians). To this end, Manuel I and his councilors expanded and manipulated the traditional custom of wardship as...

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Of Pastorals and Partisans

In the tumultuous time preceding the French Wars of Religion, one innovative partisan author infused his anti-Protestant rhetoric with nationalistic discourse based in the myth of rural virtue. Drawing on existing anxieties regarding urbanization, Artus Désiré depicted Geneva as a festering slum teeming with corruption and debauchery. He contrasted this with an idyllic French countryside ...

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Calling for Peace, Preparing for War

Propagandists on both sides of the French civil wars known as the Fronde drew upon religious symbols and traditions to rally their readers to condemn or support the rebellion against Queen Anne d’Autriche, regent for young King Louis XIV, and her chief minister Cardinal Jules Mazarin. The cult of the saints remained strong during the Fronde. After a spectacular procession of the relics of...

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Picturing Time and Eternity

The placement of powerful figures within a nocturnal landscape in Sebastiano del Piombo’s Viterbo Pietà (ca. 1512–16) is commonly explained as a stylistic union of Michelangelo’s Tuscan disegno and Sebastiano’s Venetian colorito. Yet this dialectic became a concern to art theorists only later in mid-century. As this essay shows, Sebastiano’s work can be situated within a more immediate context...

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Political Medicine in Early Modern Spain

The organicist metaphor of the body as a political microcosm is in line with a tradition among physicians towards involvement in matters of state. In early modern Spain this metaphor flourishes, medicine being then understood as integral to the state apparatus. Andrés Laguna, Juan Huarte de San Juan, Oliva Sabuco de Nantes, and Cristóbal Pérez de Herrera are here taken as case studies to...

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Religion or Rebellion?

During the French Wars of Religion and the Dutch Revolt, German audiences were continually targeted with appeals for support. Due to the empire’s fragmented confessional landscape, the warring parties in France and the Netherlands faced the difficult challenge of presenting justifications with cross-confessional appeal. Central to their strategy was the sharp differentiation between religious...

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